Key Verses and Themes Cross Reference in the Twelve Prophets

Bible Commentary / Produced by TOW Project

Verse

Section

Hosea 1:2              When the Lord first spoke through Hosea, the Lord said to Hosea, “Go, take for yourself a wife of whoredom and have children of whoredom, for the land commits great whoredom by forsaking the Lord.”

God demands change

Hos. 4:3                Therefore the land mourns, and all who live in it languish; together with the wild animals and the birds of the air, even the fish of the sea are perishing.

Work and Worship 

Hos. 4:7-10           The more they increased, the more they sinned against me; they changed their glory into shame. They feed on the sin of my people . . . They shall eat, but not be satisfied; they shall play the whore, but not multiply; because they have forsaken the Lord . . .

Work and Worship 

Hos. 14:1-9           Return, O Israel, to the Lord your God, for you have stumbled because of your iniquity. Take words with you and return to the Lord; say to him, “Take away all guilt; accept that which is good, and we will offer the fruit of our lips. Assyria shall not save us; we will not ride upon horses; we will say no more, ‘Our God,’ to the work of our hands. In you the orphan finds mercy” . . . For the ways of the Lord are right, and the upright walk in them, but transgressors stumble in them.

God Makes Change Possible

Joel 2:28-29          Then afterward I will pour out my spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, and your young men shall see visions. Even on the male and female slaves, in those days, I will pour out my spirit.

Working Unjustly

Amos 3:13-15       Hear, and testify against the house of Jacob, says the Lord God, the God of hosts: On the day I punish Israel for its transgressions, I will punish the altars of Bethel, and the horns of the altar shall be cut off and fall to the ground. I will tear down the winter house as well as the summer house; and the houses of ivory shall perish, and the great houses shall come to an end, says the Lord.

Apathy Due to Wealth

Amos 5:14             Seek good and not evil, that you may live; and so the Lord, the God of hosts, will be with you, just as you have said.

Unjust Work

Amos 5:21-24       I hate, I despise your festivals, and I take no delight in your solemn assemblies. Even though you offer me your burnt offerings and grain offerings, I will not accept them    . . . I will not listen to the melody of your harps. But let justice roll down like waters, and righteousness like an everflowing stream.

Work and Worship

Amos 6                  Alas for those who are at ease in Zion, and for those who feel secure on Mount Samaria, the notables of the first of the nations, to whom the house of Israel resorts! Cross over to Calneh, and see; from there go to Hamath the great; then go down to Gath of the Philistines. Are you better than these kingdoms? . . . Therefore they shall now be the first to go into exile, and the revelry of the loungers shall pass away.

Apathy Due to Wealth

Amos 6:7               Therefore they shall now be the first to go into exile, and the revelry of the loungers shall pass away.

Apathy Due to Wealth

Amos 9:11-15       On that day I will raise up the booth of David that is fallen, and repair its breaches, and raise up its ruins, and rebuild it as in the days of old; in order that they may possess the remnant of Edom and all the nations who are called by my name, says the Lord who does this . . . I will plant them upon their land, and they shall never again be plucked up out of the land that I have given them, says the Lord your God.

God Makes Change Possible

Obadiah 21           Those who have been saved shall go up to Mount Zion to rule Mount Esau; and the kingdom shall be the Lord’s.

God Makes Change Possible

Jonah 4:2              He prayed to the Lord and said, “O Lord! Is not this what I said while I was still in my own country? That is why I fled to Tarshish at the beginning; for I knew that you are a gracious God and merciful, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love, and ready to relent from punishing.

God’s Blessing

Mic. 2:2                 They covet fields, and seize them; houses, and take them away; they oppress householder and house, people and their inheritance.

God Demands Change

Mic. 4:1-5             In days to come the mountain of the Lord’s house shall be established as the highest of the mountains, and shall be raised up above the hills. Peoples shall stream to it, and many nations shall come and say: “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob; that he may teach us his ways and that we may walk in his paths” . . . For all the peoples walk, each in the name of its god, but we will walk in the name of the Lord our God forever and ever.

 

God Makes Change Possible

Mic. 4:3                 He shall judge between many peoples, and shall arbitrate between strong nations far away; they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

God Makes Change Possible

Mic. 6:6-7             With what shall I come before the Lord, and bow myself before God on high? Shall I come before him with burnt offerings, with calves a year old? Will the Lord be pleased with thousands of rams, with ten thousands of rivers of oil? Shall I give my firstborn for my transgression, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?

Work and Worship

Mic. 6:8                 What does the Lord require of you but to do justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God?

Work and Worship

Nah. 1:1-12           An oracle concerning Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum of Elkosh. A jealous and avenging God is the Lord, the Lord is avenging and wrathful; the Lord takes vengeance on his adversaries and rages against his enemies. The Lord is slow to anger but great in power, and the Lord will by no means clear the guilty. His way is in whirlwind and storm, and the clouds are the dust of his feet . . . Thus says the Lord, “Though they are at full strength and many, they will be cut off and pass away. Though I have afflicted you, I will afflict you no more.”

Faith and Work

Hab. 2:1                I will stand at my watchpost, and station myself on the rampart; I will keep watch to see what he will say to me, and what he will answer concerning my complaint.

Faith and Work

Hab. 2:6-7             “Alas for you who heap up what is not your own!” How long will you load yourselves with goods taken in pledge? Will not your own creditors suddenly rise, and those who make you tremble wake up? Then you will be booty for them.

Faith and Work

Hab. 2:15-16         “Alas for you who make your neighbors drink, pouring out your wrath until they are drunk, in order to gaze on their nakedness!” You will be sated with contempt instead of glory. Drink, you yourself, and stagger! The cup in the Lord’s right hand will come around to you, and shame will come upon your glory.

Faith and Work

Hab. 2:18-19         What use is an idol once its maker has shaped it— a cast image, a teacher of lies? For its maker trusts in what has been made, though the product is only an idol that cannot speak! Alas for you who say to the wood, “Wake up!” to silent stone, “Rouse yourself!” Can it teach? See, it is gold and silver plated, and there is no breath in it at all.

Idolatrous Work

Hab. 2:20              But the Lord is in his holy temple; let all the earth keep silence before him!

Idolatrous Work

Hab. 3:17-19         Though the fig tree does not blossom, and no fruit is on the vines; though the produce of the olive fails and the fields yield no food; though the flock is cut off from the fold and there is no herd in the stalls, yet I will rejoice in the Lord; I will exult in the God of my salvation. God, the Lord, is my strength; he makes my feet like the feet of a deer, and makes me tread upon the heights.

Faithfulness in the Midst of Toil

Zeph. 1:18             Neither their silver nor their gold will be able to save them on the day of the Lord’s wrath; in the fire of his passion the whole earth shall be consumed; for a full, a terrible end he will make of all the inhabitants of the earth.

Idolatrous Work

Zeph. 2:1-3           Gather together, gather, O shameless nation, before you are driven away like the drifting chaff, before there comes upon you the fierce anger of the Lord, before there comes upon you the day of the Lord’s wrath. Seek the Lord, all you humble of the land, who do his commands; seek righteousness, seek humility; perhaps you may be hidden on the day of the Lord’s wrath.

Faithfulness in the Midst of Toil

Zeph. 2:3               Seek the Lord, all you humble of the land, who do his commands; seek righteousness, seek humility; perhaps you may be hidden on the day of the Lord’s wrath.

Faithfulness in the Midst of Toil

Hag. 1:2-4             Thus says the Lord of hosts: These people say the time has not yet come to rebuild the Lord’s house. Then the word of the Lord came by the prophet Haggai, saying: Is it a time for you yourselves to live in your paneled houses, while this house lies in ruins?

Faithful Work

Hag. 1:9                You have looked for much, and, lo, it came to little; and when you brought it home, I blew it away. Why? says the Lord of hosts. Because my house lies in ruins, while all of you hurry off to your own houses.

Faithful Work

Hag. 1:10-15         Therefore the heavens above you have withheld the dew, and the earth has withheld its produce. And I have called for a drought on the land and the hills . . . on human beings and animals, and on all their labors . . . And the Lord stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua son of Jehozadak, the high priest, and the spirit of all the remnant of the people; and they came and worked on the house of the Lord of hosts, their God, on the twenty-fourth day of the month, in the sixth month.

Faithful Work

Hag. 1:11              And I have called for a drought on the land and the hills, on the grain, the new wine, the oil, on what the soil produces, on human beings and animals, and on all their labors.

Faithful Work

Hag. 1:14-15         And the Lord stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua son of Jehozadak, the high priest, and the spirit of all the remnant of the people; and they came and worked on the house of the Lord of hosts, their God, on the twenty-fourth day of the month, in the sixth month.

Faithful Work

Hag. 2:7-8             I will fill this house with splendor, says the Lord of hosts. The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, says the Lord of hosts.

Faithful Work

Hag. 2:18-19         Since the day that the foundation of the Lord’s temple was laid, consider: Is there any seed left in the barn? Do the vine, the fig tree, the pomegranate, and the olive tree still yield nothing? From this day on I will bless you.

Faithful Work

Zech. 1:17             Thus says the Lord of hosts: My cities shall again overflow with prosperity.

Conclusions

Zech. 3:10             On that day, says the Lord of hosts, you shall invite each other to come under your vine and fig tree.

Faithful Work

Zech. 7:9-14          Thus says the Lord of hosts: Render true judgments, show kindness and mercy to one another; do not oppress the widow, the orphan, the alien, or the poor; and do not devise evil in your hearts against one another. But they refused to listen . . . Therefore great wrath came from the Lord of hosts. Just as, when I called, they would not hear, so, when they called, I would not hear . . . and I scattered them with a whirlwind among all the nations that they had not known. Thus the land they left was desolate, so that no one went to and fro, and a pleasant land was made desolate.

Faithful Work

Mal. 1:7-14           By offering polluted food on my altar. And you say, “How have we polluted it?” By thinking that the Lord’s table may be despised. When you offer blind animals in sacrifice, is that not wrong? And when you offer those that are lame or sick, is that not wrong? . . . I have no pleasure in you, says the Lord of hosts, and I will not accept an offering from your hands . . . Cursed be the cheat who has a male in the flock and vows to give it, and yet sacrifices to the Lord what is blemished; for I am a great King, says the Lord of hosts, and my name is reverenced among the nations.

Faithful Work

Mal. 3:1                See, I am sending my messenger to prepare the way before me, and the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple. The messenger of the covenant in whom you delight—indeed, he is coming, says the Lord of hosts.

Faithful Work

Mal. 3:11-12         I will rebuke the locust for you, so that it will not destroy the produce of your soil; and your vine in the field shall not be barren, says the Lord of hosts. Then all nations will count you happy, for you will be a land of delight, says the Lord of hosts.

Faithful Work